The 310th Troop Carrier Squadron
(Text in quotes signifies verbatim text from official Squadron Outline Histories
and War Diaries. These documents were required by the AAF to be submitted to
higher headquarters each month to document the Squadron activities. Text in
[brackets] signifies editor's addition for clarification. The original
documents are archived at the Air Force Historical Department, Maxwell AFB,
The Origin. On
In March, 1944, the 310th moved to
Capt. Rowland, in civilian life a lawyer, had shown his merit as Intelligence Officer of the 34th TCS, and currently as Trial Judge Advocate on the station. 1st Lt. James J. Kevan (Ironwood, MI), . . . was appointed Adjutant.
Lt.Col. Henry G. Hamby, Jr., (ca 1944)
The job of Operations Officer fell to Edward M. Schwerin. . .
During that time [Apr 1944], aircrew members had flown hundreds of hours both
in this [ETO] theater and in
(Above) 310th's first 1st Sergeant, Bill Nagel.
"Maj. Hamby, together with his staff, including 1st Sgt. S.
W. Nagle, demanded and got cooperation in setting up the departments.
Soon, ground school classes, no only for aircrews, but for all NCOs, were
held; details were formed to landscape the headquarters area; bicycle stands
and parking spaces were completed. Ground schools included classes in
Aircraft Recognition; Ditching Procedure; Air-Sea Rescue; Radio Navigation
Aids; and Disposition of Command. Training in the air consisted of group
formation, glider towing, paradropping and other." TSgt
In Operations, Maj. Schwerin was assisted by 1Lt. Worley and FO Dawkins, and clerks TSgt Yeckley and SSgt Riordan. Squadron Engineering Officer Lt. Crumbie was assisted by MSgt Lalande. Radio Operator classes were run by Lt. Greene and MSgt Harrod. Due to a lack of maintenance men, glider officers, under the direction of FO Best, Glider Maintenance Officer, performed their own maintenance. For identification, 310th gliders were painted with an insignia in the form of a 4-bladed fan."
"In total, 93 enlisted men were initially assigned to the 310th. Due to a lack of proper housing at the outset, 15 tents were set up in the area to house them. "The weather was cold for May and the new set up was not a happy one for some of the men, as indicated in their letters home [note -- all mail was censored.] But, generally speaking, the men were busier than they had been in months and the morale was generally high."
Work hard, play hard. As was typical, the squadron was given an unofficial nickname after the name of the commander and became known as 'Hamby's Roughriders'. (See 'Hamby's Rough Riders All' reunion photo below.) On May 31, the 'Rough Rider Rendezvous' Squadron pub was opened. "The men had constructed it out of glider crates obtained by FO Best, and it houses 24 men. However, the grotto outside proved to be an outstanding attraction. Music by fiddle, guitar, and accordion as provided by TSgt Davis, Davidson, and PFC Catalano added to the gala occasion; and the fact that it had been payday provided spirit."
Operations. On May 8, ten aircraft of the 310th carried
194 paratroopers during a full moon on a training mission. On
Spanhoe flightline with 310th TCS (4A) aircraft.
June 1944 ~ D-Day! "Much has already been written and will be
written of the part Troop Carriers played in the 'greatest show on earth' -- the
invasion of the continent, which took place during this period [Jun 1 to 30].
The activities of the 310th Troop Carrier Squadron were no more
spectacular -- nor less important -- than others in this critical period. The
fact remains that within 36 days of is organization, the Squadron was
participating in this huge undertaking. By the 1st of June,
paratroopers had been camping in one of the hangars and tents nearby. Around
them was a string of barbed wire. At 0001 hours, Jun 2, a rigid, almost
air-tight restriction was imposed on the post. With all planes grounded,
painters were set to work to paint three broad white stripes separated by
black ones on the tops and bottoms of each wing outside the engines and
around the body behind the door. Brig. Gen. Williams, IX Troop Carrier
Command, landed on the 3rd for a 'coach in the dressing room'
speech; and it was evident that things were reaching the final stage. Next
morning, one plane flew to
(Left) British paratroopers (unit not identified) in full combat gear with equipment bags. Just visible at right edge of photo on the nose of the aircraft is the number ‘4’ of ‘4A’ 310th TCS designator. The absence of invasion stripes on the aircraft indicates this is probably a pre-Overlord training mission.
"Final briefing for D-Day was announced for 1500 hours, June 4, but
at the last hour was put off for 24 hours. PX rations and escape kits were
issued to crews by S-2 [Squadron-level Intelligence] and briefed crews were
segregated at supper. At dusk on the 5th, 112 planes of the
Squadron [310th] joined the other 33 of the Group [34th,
43rd, and 309th], carrying 222 paratroopers [of the 505th
Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division.]
Rendezvous was accomplished without difficulty and we left departure point at
. From the navigation
standpoint, planning was excellent -- flashing beacons every 30 miles. The
use of running lights over
We got out of there toute suite, skimming Cherbourg and, coming back to
England at 3,000 feet, watched trains of gliders with their armed cargo
proceed on their missions. So we landed at dawn and told the Intelligence
Officer how it went, for which our reward was two ounces of Bourbon and fried
egg sandwiches. When results were compared, we found the following: twelve
C-47s of the 310th Troop Carrier Squadron carried 222 paratroopers
of the 1st Battalion, 505th parachute Infantry
Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division, to DZ 'O' near Ste. Mere Eglise
For their "outstanding performance of duty against the enemy"
July 1944. During July, 1944, the 310th participated in eight
missions to the
(Above) 310th TCS Aircraft Specialists
On the return trips from the front, the Squadron carried 33, 792 lbs. of bomb fuses, 115 walking wounded, 102 litter patients, and 14 passengers, including 7 fighter pilots.
Also throughout the month of July, the Squadron practiced formation, glider towing and snatching, and four paradrop training missions. A total of 370 Polish paratroopers were dropped in three of the missions, code name Operation Burden, all at night. Although not known at the time, this was to be foreboding of Market Garden. On one of the missions, two paratroopers refused to jump.
New assignments to the Squadron included Capt. Jimmy P. Horany (Mess, Supply & Trans. Off.), 1Lt. Ernest F. Chase, Jr. (Admin.), 1Lt. Michael J. Gilligan (Personal Equipment Officer), 2Lt. John Edney (Asst. Ops. Officer), and 2Lt. Raymond E. Steele (Asst. Commo. Off.) Navigator 1Lt. Roger Champman (Historical Off.) volunteered for transfer to IX Bomber Command on Jul 13. Promotions included Norman H. Greene (to Capt), John H. Mackenzie (to Capt.), George A. Rylance (to Capt.)[who would succeed Hamby as 310th Commander], Arthur Pisahl (to 1Lt.), and Charles A. McCoy (to 1Lt.).
(Above) 1st Sgt Bill Nagel and Squadron mates on the river near Spanhoe.
F.O. Varyl C. Hewitt was appointed Special Services Officer and
organized seven softball teams. Other recreational activities included basketball,
volleyball, and boxing and idling in a day room constructed from glider
crates. "On the 23rd and 30th, opportunity was given to approximately 20
men at a time to visit the Shakespeare Country. . . The Squadron mess
supplied a picnic lunch and the Red Cross in
"Also on July 11, the Squadron "opened its own mess, utilizing two tents on a paved area adjoining one of the enlisted men's barracks. A noticeable increase in the morale of the enlisted men was observed."
On July 18, 25 officers and 18, and 5 officers and 6 enlisted received the
Oak Leaf Cluster [to the Air Medal] (See A Decorated Unit.) The Squadron
also received a letter of commendation from Gen. B.L. Montgomery,
Commander-in-Chief, Allied Armies in
310th TCS C-47s (4A on nose) and CG-4A
August 1944. August saw considerable activity in re-supply and
especially training in glider-towing and paradrops in anticipation of
augmenting General Patton's breakthrough from the confining
"On 2, 3, and 4 August, planes of the 310th Troop Carrier Squadron
were dispatched daily on supply and air evacuation missions to
"On the 27th, two flights, totalling [sic] nineteen planes, took off
on the Airdrome near
"The preparation for the actual mission was elaborate: due to the large number of aircraft which it was proposed to employ, some co-pilots were rated pilots, several glider pilots were checked out as co-pilots of the C-47As, and some crew chiefs were given consideration as co-pilots. Our combat crews on leave in the States were particularly missed at this time. Events moved rapidly; all twenty-four hour passes were cancelled on 18 August then the post was sealed, the crews were briefed, and the paratroops on the field . . . After the crews were briefed, they were segregated on the field and then it was just a matter of waiting for orders to takeoff. But these orders never arrived because the ground forces moved faster than seemed possible and the DZs became obsolete, which resulted in the entire mission being scratched . . . for fear that the proposed DZs were overrun by the ground troops."
Farewell to the Gliders. Even after the extensive training with gliders, plans did not call for the 315th Group to tow gliders, and 32 glider pilots were transferred on to another base on August 14th with the intention of returning after the mission. However, by the end of August, the Group had lost this roll as part of its combat mission entirely and the 48 remaining glider pilots of the 310th were transferred out of the Squadron on August 31. "This left a considerable hole in the Squadron, since many of the glider pilots had been occupying squadron positions, notably F/O Hewitt as Special Services Officer, F/O Sherrod, in the mess, F/O Payson in the Tech Supply, F/O [Fhicaol?] Armament Officer, F/O Bowers as Movements Officer, and Lt. Blackman in the Protective Equipment Department. Lt. Sipe and F/O East, respectively the Glider Operations and Glider Engineering Officers, also left with this last contingent.
The Daily Grind. "Col. Hamby was exceptionally happy
when Capt. Mulins presented him a report showing no VD cases in the
Squadron for the entire month [August] -- the result of several talks on that
problem during the month to officers and enlisted men. The Intelligence
Department completed its wall maps in the Orderly Room hallway, and Sgts. Tobin
and O'Neill kept them up to date daily -- in itself a difficult job
considering the speed of movement on the continent. Capt. Suttle, on
DS [detached service] to the Pathfinders, participated in the paratroop
landings when the south of
"The following officers were promoted during the month: 1st Lt. James H. Carmbie - Captain; 1st Lt. James J. Kavan - Captain; 1st Lt. Lloyd G. Perry - Captain; and F/O Cecil H. Dawkins - 2nd Lt. . . . On 16 August, thirty-one of the enlisted men of the Squadron were awarded the Good Conduct Medal in a special formation. Col. Hamby made the award in person . . . Capt. John H. MacKenzie, the Squadron S-2, received secret orders to [report] for a new assignment, and on his departure, 1st Lt John Z. Mobus became Squadron S-2 during the month, and the usual service schools were attended by various Squadron members."
"Soldier Voting was an important topic worked-on. Lt. Zartman, the Voting Officer, spent considerable time on this in his efforts to comply exactly with the law and numerous directives. He set up a separate tent in the orderly room area and manned it for days. The ban on British newspapers shocked many of the men, the lifting of the ban late in the month was welcomed by all." "Toward the latter part of the month, the Base received word that a VIP would visit the base on a certain day, and the three days before that date were spent in sprucing-up the area and grounds; then the visitor did not arrive."
1st Allied Airborne Army created. "One day during the month
was spent by the combat crews in traveling to
C-109 (B-24 modified for cargo) assigned to 310th.
'The month ended with preparations for more exercises, weather permitting,
provided the Ground Forces didn't win all the races in
(Left) 310th's "Umpty-pooh", tail flash 'Q', as seen from a CG-4A glider in tow by another aircraft in towing formation. Barely seen is the 'Flying Tiger Shark jaws' nose art.
September ~ History was made here! "By all odd, the
month of September, 1944, was the busiest and most eventful month in the
history of the Squadron and in the memory of most of the men who had been
with the 315th Group since coming overseas; this does not exclude the trip
across, the D-Day operations in June, 1944, or the formation of the Squadron.
For in September, the First Allied Airborne Army began to operate, and
operate it did. The place-names
"The Airborne Army really made headlines for the first time as a tactical organization, and its first start was in full strength. The overall success of the Airborne operation, covering the period commencing 17 September and probably ending with the withdrawal by the British from the Aachen [sic -- Arnhem] area about two weeks later, remains to be evaluated; however, during the fighting there, numerous responsible commentators stated that the operations might well have a definite and speedy influence on the rapid termination of the war in the West. . . There was never a question about the nationality of the fighting men carried by the transports or gliders -- they were all part of the Army, and that was sufficient."
"The 310th Squadron played its part to the full in the entire operation . . . For the first time in its short history, the Squadron suffered combat losses and many of its combat personnel received wounds."
"The base was restricted from time to time and passes were on and off. Twelve-hour passes were again authorized on the 4th [Sep] and on the 5th, the base was re-restricted -- for one day and on the 6th, six-hour passes were allowed. It all added up to something big brewing, and tension began to mount. On the 7th, the Group was again alerted for a mission, but it was postponed the next day, and the next, and late in the evening of the 10th it was cancelled. However, the paratroopers remained on the field . . ."
During this time, "flying was carried out strenuously: on the
8th, eighteen of the Squadron planes flew in Group formation; on the 9th,
eighteen again flew a similar formation, and later in the day, nine more
participated; and on the 10th, nine Squadron aircraft flew with the Group. On
the 11th, 23 planes from the Squadron carried gasoline to
"On September 12th, 15 of our aircraft flew to Bristol, then to
Brussels with ammunition for the British Army in that sector -- many of the
men stayed in Brussels on an RON [remain over night], and reported that city
still a garden spot, though prices were rising, and the British were in
control. On the 13th, 23 of the Squadron aircraft were out again, on
re-supply work, this time led by Colonel [sic, actually a Lt. Col. at the
time] Hamby, who remained overnight in
"On the 16th September, restriction was on again and the Post was closed at 1110 hours. Fourteen Flight Officers were transferred to the 61st [Troop Carrier] Group, and the Engineering Department, led by Lt. Terhune and seconded by M/Sgts Gusky, LaLonde, and Determan, worked overtime."
Paratroopers of the
Market Garden. On
"Finally, C-47s began to appear in the sky, and then came the agonizing job of trying to distinguish the individual marking to determine whether or not all aircraft were safe and returning. The Squadron was fortunate again, for all of the planes returned safely, although there was some flak holes in several of the planes. The 34th Squadron, our parent squadron, lost one plane commanded by Capt. Bohannon."
"The newspapers and radio the next day were filled with stories of
the paratroop landings, which were extremely successful [-- this was prior to
the drop at
"On the 19th, congratulatory messages were received from General Clark [commander of the ground forces] and Williams, and the paradrop scheduled for that day, with Polish troopers, was scratched due to weather. The 20th, with clearing weather, promised to be another day, and the planes were loaded with Polish paratroopers. Fifty-four planes were scheduled to go from the Group, with 14 form the Squadron [310th]. With all aircraft loaded and engines running, the mission was again scratched to the intense disappointment of the polish troopers, one of whom shot himself while standing next to one of the Squadron's planes. On the same date, a detachment of British Mountain Airborne troops came on the field, and did some practice glider loading while waiting their turn to go over."
A day long remembered. "The 21st of September will be a day
long-remembered by the Squadron. The day began with the weather about the
same as the prior day. However, apparently reserves were terribly needed by
the men who had been dropped four and three days earlier, and so it was
ordered that the Group go. Fifty-four aircraft were again decided as the
Group's quota, with 14 from the 310th. Colonel Hamby was to lead the second
serial of 27 planes. There was a mess-up at the start, and the first serial
took-off an hour early. The weather was miserable. Finally, in the afternoon,
about 1430 hours [actually 1437], the second serial took off . . ." into
an overcast. LCol. Hamby, in the lead ship, instructed each succeeding
aircraft to climb at 500 feet per minute, making a left turn every 1,000 feet
until they broke out of the clouds. He would be on top flying a box pattern
until all had joined the formation. One by one, the aircraft took off and one
by one they broke out and joined the formation. The 310th finally departed
"But it was a costly operation; several of the Squadron's planes had
to land elsewhere in
As the 310th crossed the DZ, they encountered heavy flak exacerbated by
the steady loss of altitude due to the slow exit of the paratroopers.
Normally, 18 paratroopers could exit a C-47 in about 18 seconds. The Polish
troopers of this drop were encumbered with a heavy equipment bag that had to
be pushed out the door ahead of each trooper resulting in an exit time of up
to 45 seconds. Because normal procedure during the drop was to reduce power
on the left engine in order to reduce the propwash on the troopers exiting
the aircraft, the aircraft lost considerable altitude and closed the range of
the German gunners. As Maj. Hamby started a left turn to escape the DZ, his
aircraft took three hits from 20mm fire -- the first round hitting the left
engine stopping it from hitting him, the second round impacting the fuselage,
and the third round exploding inside the cargo compartment and seriously
wounding his crewchief who was retrieving the static lines. Several aircraft
of the 310th were shot down and several others seriously damaged and crewmen
wounded. Those who could, were instructed to return to Spanhoe while those
with wounded landed in
"The night of the 21st was a wretched one for those of the men who had to stay at the Base: with no word from so many planes, with the story of Lt. Sutton about the extreme difficulty of the operation and the intense enemy reaction, and the report of planes going down in flames, that was not a pleasant evening. The next day, however, some good news came through; we heard from the [310th] planes which had [emergency] landed [at other bases] in England; Colonel Hamby returned in another plane -- he had his rudder controls shot away and had landed at Brussels -- and several other planes returned."
"Four planes were still unreported, however, on the 22nd. All of the aircraft which returned had much flak damage, and many holes. Colonel Hamby's ship had 150 holes in it. Sgt. Harrod, his radio operator, Sgt. Combetty, his crew chief, were both wounded; Sgt. Combetty seriously."
"On the 23rd of the month [Sep], four of the Squadron planes led by
Major Schwerin, joined 37 of the Group planes with another paradrop in
Saved by the Dutch Underground. "On the 24th came the welcome
news that Lt. Worley and the rest of Lt. Dawkins crew, except
for Lt. Dawkins, were safe, and in the hands of the 82nd Airborne
Infantry Division in Holland. Lt. Wilson, the navigator, and Sgts. Witte
and Ludwig, the rest of the crew were all named. Then came the report
that Lt. Boon and his crew Lr. Borneman and Sgts. Couch and Chambers,
were also safe and Lt. Boon returned with a thrilling story, although for
security reasons, he could not tell it, of having been thoroughly taken care
of by the underground in
Though the objective bridge could not be taken, the insertion of the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade was pivotal in securing the withdrawal of Allies who had been cutoff. For his action in leading the serial into the drop, Maj. Hamby was presented the Polish Cross of Valor by the Polish Government in Exile (see A Decorated Unit).
Resume of Activity
310th Troop Carrier Squadron -- 1 October to
October was not a particularly eventful month for the 310th Squadron, to the great relief of all personnel, for September had gone all out in activity and excitement. The Squadron was very busy, however, and, as weather permitted, a great deal of essential flying was accomplished. The records of operational sorties flown and pounds carried are impressive and speak well for the energy of the pilots and crew members and maintenance men.
There were no combat missions flown during the month;
however, re-supply missions were frequent for the entire Group, and the 310th
Squadron pulled its weight at all times.
Loads carried ranged from diesel oil and ammunition to overcoats for
the infantrymen beginning to get a taste of winter in
The month saw several changed in personnel. Several power
pilots and glider pilots fresh from the States were assigned to the outfit;
several of the old officers and men were sent home for rest and reassignment.
Captain NICHOLSON was among the lucky ones to leave. His loss is a heavy one
for the Squadron: he was a flight leader, had been with the Squadron, or the
Several members of the Squadron received decorations for
the “Market Operation” during the month. The Bronze Star Medal awarded to 1st.
Lt. TERHUNE, M/Sgt. DETERMAN, T/Sgt. YECKLEY, S/Sgt. TOBIN, S/Sgt. RIORDAN,
Pfc ORUCH. The Purple Heart awarded to 1st. Lt. HARDIN, 2nd
Lt. BOON, M/Sgt. HARROD, S/Sgt. CHAMBERS. The Bronze Star Medals were granted
for ground work on the Operation, and all were entirely deserved by the
recipients. The Group and Squadron continued to receive congratulatory
messages from various sources, including the Commanding Officer of the Polish
Paratroop Battalion which was dropped in
In war news,
The Lord may not have been on the side of the Germans during this past summer and fall, but the weather certainly has been. Marshal ROMMEL’s death was finally admitted by the Germans, after weeks of denials.
Captain Maurice L. MALINE, the Squadron Flight Surgeon,
was transferred during the month and was replaced by Captain Duncan S.
HATTON. Captain HATTON is a graduate of
Leaves of a week were granted many of the men, and they
were in most of the larger cities of
KEVAN, despite the disbanding of the Defense Platoon.
Promotions announced during the month are as follows: 1st. Lt. MOBUS to Captain;2nd Lts. HURST, ROBERTSON, PROVIN, LOVETT, BERMAN and ROSS to 1st. Lt.; F/O/s BEST, FLUEGAL, HEWITT, SHERROD and PAYSON, to 2nd. Lts.
The deaths of Lt. WAKLEY and Sgt. LUDVIKSON on the 21st
of September were confirmed by the report of their burial near the lines in
The Glider Training program got underway under the
direction of Capt. TARBETT and Lt. SIPE, and progress in a true program was
made. More gliders were assigned to the Squadron and there was considerable
glider-towing on days when the weather on the Continent was poor. Lt. BEST
has his problems with glider engineering also. The aircraft engineering
section also had its headaches, for there were two planes damaged at
Resume of Activity 310th Troop Carrier Squadron 1 November to
To be added
Resume of Activity
310th Troop Carrier Squadron 1 December to
With the arrival of December, the prospect of the Group
spending the third consecutive Christmas overseas also loomed up. This
prospect was fulfilled, causing no surprise to anyone. The month was fairly
quiet, but the Squadron did a great deal of flying and, when the new weather
minimums were favorable, made its full share of freight and personnel flights
Of more immediate interest to the Squadron was the great amount of flying done by our pilots during the month. Weather during the month was not very good and numerous missions were scrubbed due to weather here or on the Continent. Because of too many accidents in other Groups, minimum weather rules were adopted by Command, and this also cut down flying. However, the Squadron Operations Diary will indicate that a great deal of flying—both local transition and re-supply and evacuation—were accomplished. The new pilots were given training by the older first pilots, there was instrument flying and the ground school conducted by Capt. RYLANCE was showing results.
Another item of interest from the operational end was the acquisition of two C-109’s (B-24’s) fitted as gasoline-carrying planes. Each Squadron of the Group received these. Some B-24 pilots were assigned to the outfit temporarily to train the pilots, and there were also maintenance men on TD here. Some of the unit’s engineering personnel went elsewhere to attend schools connected with B-24 maintenance and operations. The pilots enjoyed the opportunity to fly a four-engine ship, and several of the older pilots were checked out in it.
There were some personnel changes during the month: a few
men and officers joined the outfit; a few received that long awaited order to
return to the ZI. Sgts. YACKLEY, from Operations, LEWIS, from the Armament
Weather during the month was not so good. On Christmas Day
we awoke to a White Christmas, with rime frost everywhere and even making the
barbed wire look like Christmas tree tinsel. The British papers, after their
customary two wait, announced that
The month’s carrying record shows the varied loads hauled:
equipment totaling 321,657 lbs. consisting of jeeps, clothing, personnel’s
baggage, oil, kerosene, rations and steel matting, was carried to the
continent by this Squadron. A total of 184 walking patients was brought back
Col. HAMBY received one welcome visitor during the period
in the person of Lt. BORNEMAN, who was shot down over
Capt. TARBETT’s Glider Department continued with its training,
both on the ground and in the air, and the glider pilots were far in advance
of the other Squadrons simply because of this systematic training program.
There morale was also better because they had something regular to do. As
before, glider officers continued to render valuable aid in squadron jobs
with Lt. CHILD working in the Orderly Room as assistant adjutant, Lt. PAYSON
working in Supply, Lt. FEUERSTEIN keeping Special Service active, and Lt.
HEWITT serving in the Personnel Department. Lt. FEUERSTEIN helped reorganize
the NCO’s Club, which continued to serve the men in the area. He also
arranged numerous excursions to dances—the ATS camp was popular, as was
Major ROWLAND was finally relieved of his General Court Martial TJA duties and was able to get back to some Squadron work. Capt. KEVAN continued to work with no let-ups. Save for an occasional evening with his old outfit at Cottesmore. Lt. SHERROD was relieved as Mess Officer and F/O LANGENFELD too charge. Eating conditions remained somewhat primitive, but progress was made and the men and officers grumbled not much more than was healthy for them. A revised Squadron Duty Policy was inaugurated, and the Squadron OD was given additional duties. Some of the changes were still growing pains, for the Squadron is still an infant, although it has carried its full weight from the start.
One major pin-prick of the month for everyone was the cigarette situation. On the first of the month the ration was completely cut; resulting in loud howls from the entire Theater of Operations. Three days later it was restored in part; and at month’s end were all were on five packs a week ration. The non-smokers were hunted assiduously by the others who needed more than fifteen a day, and in general, pipes made a hurried appearance. The shortage was on in the States too, to the amazement of all the troops, and there were calls for investigations in all corners of the world. The question has not been answered by the end of the year, however.
(Right) Maintenance men (unknown) in the cockpit of a 315th Group C-47.
The month and year ended with a standby inspection of the Squadron, and a fervent hope in the minds of all that sometime during the near 365 days, the war on this side would be ended and we might get back to the States. In the eight months of the Squadron’s life, it has gone far; no favors were asked, granted, or wanted as far as operational commitments were concerned, and the Squadron’s record on operations speaks loudly. Building a new unit a month before D-Day and having it function as successfully as it has, is an achievement in which every man in the organization had a part, and of which he can be proud.
Resume of Month’s Activity – 310th Troop
Carrier Group -- 1 January to
The main time of note directly affecting the Squadron
during the month of January was the change of Squadron Commanders, which
event is always an important one. Lt. Col. Henry G. HAMBY, Jr., the first
commanding officer of the Squadron, went back to the States early in the
month for rest, rehabilitation and reassignment and Capt. George A. RYLANCE,
became Squadron Commander. Col. HAMBY, in the eight months of the Squadron’s
life, had effectively organized the outfit into a fighting unit; the fact
that less than forty days after the activation of the Squadron the 310th
pulled its full weight on D-Day indicated that its foundation was sound.
There were the innumerable problems of activation to be solved, especially
the formation of a unit in a theater of operations with increased burdens of
supply and personnel, and all of these factors called for intense work,
organizing ability and capacity for improvisation. The settling of the
Squadron area on a crowded base is an instance of the problem which had to be
met. The entire month of May 1944, with its intense aerial training in
preparation for the initial invasion of
Capt. George A. RYLANCE was Squadron Operations Officer
before assuming command of the outfit. He joined the Group at
He graduated from
Another major change during the month was the acquisition of a new First Sergeant. First Sergeant Serenus W. NAGLE came to the Squadron from the 34th Squadron on its activation. He also assisted ably in the birth of the unit and helped shepherd the organization through its initial growing pains. He had been with Group, then was First Sergeant of the 34th Squadron until assigned to the 310th. During January, Sgt. NAGLE requested to be relieved of his duties as First Sergeant, assigning as his reasons for this request that he felt he had gone stale and had lost his knack for the extremely important duties of the position and that he did not want to endanger the efficiency of the Squadron through any possible shortcoming on his part. Such an attitude is an admirable one and proves that Sgt. NAGLE has the best interests of the Squadron uppermost in his mind. After very serious consideration, the Squadron Commander relieved Sgt. NAGLE of his duties, assigned him to the Glider Department, and appointed M/Sgt. Elwood M. WHITTINGTON as First Sergeant. M/Sgt. WHITTINGTON joined the Squadron as a M/Sgt. With fourteen years experience in the Army. His rank and experience indicate that he is fully capable of filling his position, and he has taken hold rapidly.
Thus the 310th Squadron started a new year with
a new Commanding Officer and a new First Sergeant. Operationally, the month
was a quiet oone, for the major portion of the time was spent in a training
program for both airplanes and gliders. The weather was miserable during the
month, and flying was cut to a large extent. There was snow on the ground
almost every day of the month, temperatures were far below freezing all over
Promotions of officers announced during the month were as
follows: 2nd. Lts. ZARTMAN, BAROODY, EDNEY, FORD, GUEBARD, HELLER,
The Squadron lost a valued member during the month by way
of the Combat crew Rotation policy of the command. Capt. Joe C. HARDIN,
Squadron Navigator, returned to
Lt. COLWELL became Squadron Navigator on Cptn. HARDIN’s departure. The Group Commander, Lt. Col. LYON, went home on a thirty day leave, and during his stay there his promotion to eagles was announced. At month’s end he was still away, enjoying some free time. In his absence, Lt. Col. GIBBON became Group and Station Commander, with Lt. Col. STARK moving from the 309th Squadron to Group Executive. The usual number of men and officers of the Squadron were away on DS to schools or to various other stations in this Theater, so the educational training continued. More emphasis was placed on the Army Educational Program, and F/O POMEROY, the Squadron Education Officer, was busy with questionnaires and data sheets.
One development during the month has high hopes following its launching; this is the formation of an Enlisted Men’s Council, to meet with the Executive officers of the Squadron and to bring problems affecting the men as a whole up for discussion. The members were selected from the departments and all ratings are represented. The first members of the council elected by the men by secret ballot, were: M/Sgt. HARROD, T/Sgts. ALLLEN, DAVIS and RASKIE; Sgt. DECKER and Pvt. PROBST.
The new War Department policy of taking men for the
infantry reached down to the lower echelons in January and seven men from the
Squadron were transferred to Reinforcement Depots. The main war news in the
West was the jump-off of the Russian winter offensive and its amazingly swift
progress towards the German Capitol. VON RUNDSTADT’s offensive in Luxemburg
and France petered out after a month and the
(Above) 310th Engineering Officer ??., Line Chief ??, and a 101st Airborne Division ('Screaming Eagles') jumpmaster (unidentified)
Resume of Month Activity 310th Troop
Carrier Squadron 1 February to
The second month of Capt. RYLANCE’s command of the Squadron showed continued advances in all departments and phases of the organization’s activities. The training program which had been started in January was continued until after the middle of the month, with a considerable amount of flying of all types being accomplished the last two weeks of the month found the Squadron carrying some freight to the Continent, with the normal activities of flying continuing. The weather during February was far better than the preceding month, and the threatened coal and coke shortage did not materialize, although care was exercised at all times to conserve fuel. On the whole, February was a good month so far as weather was concerned, and the pilots were able to log numerous hours in the air.
The pace of the war in
The month started for the Squadron with a series of inspections. On the first of February there was an inspection of enlisted men’s clothing and equipment throughout the Base, and on the next morning a similar inspection was made of the officers. The inspections were well organized and teams of officers of the Squadron worked efficiently and rapidly in accomplishing them. On the third of the month the usual standby inspection of the men and billets was made by the Commanding Officer, and considerable improvement in all ways, was noted. The Squadron area received a great deal of attention during the month, and, in spite of the mud throughout the area, it began to be more livable. The usual Saturday inspections were continued.
The Infantry Reinforcement system took several men from
the Squadron during the month, and the unit received several former
infantrymen who had been wounded, hospitalized, and returned to duty, with a
transfer to the Air Forces. Two men also were sent to the Infantry Officers’
OCS as the month ended.\
There were several Squadron social functions arranged for
officers and men. On the 6th of the month, Lt. CARY, the Special
Service Officer, has a successful dance for the enlisted men. Girls from
(Left) Gordon Boatman and Trinen (Transportation HQ) at Aldermaston, 1943.
Mrs. Arletta O. THOMPSON was selected the “Sweetheart” of the 315th Troop Carrier Group” in a contest sponsored by the American Red Cross Club at this base. She is the wife of Sgt. Earl D. THOMPSON, one very proud aerial engineer in this Squadron, who has participated in several operational missions over the Continent. Pictures of wives and sweethearts were submitted by the enlisted men of the Group and the results of the contest were announced at a Valentine Dance by Miss Violet KOCHENDOEFER, Club Directress. Mrs. THOMPSON’s picture appeared in “Stars and Stripes” on the 22nd of February. Admirers of feminine pulchritude take note.
The Enlisted Men’s Council started to function during the month. M/Sgt. HARROD was elected Chairman, with T/Sgt. DAVIS, Secretary. The Council met several times with the Executive officers of the Squadron and numerous matters were discussed and acted upon. It is the believed, and the hope, that the Council will be a valuable asset to the outfit.
From the operational standpoint, the flying personnel were far more active than during the previous month., There were several Group formations of 72 planes; several 72 plane glider tow formations, and a large amount of Squadron flying. Also, during the latter days of the month, freight and personnel hauling to the Continent was resumed, although the training program was not abandoned. Among the missions flown was the moving of the 53rd Wing, and gliders were used.
Col. H. B. LYON, the Group Commander, returned fro a leave in the States wearing eagles instead of leaves. He had communicated, either by telephone or telegraph, with the families of a number of the men in the Group, and these messages were much appreciated by everyone. Lt. Col. GIBBONS resumed his duties as Group Executive, and Lt. Col. STARK returned to his job at C.O. of the 309th Squadron.
Beside the former infantrymen assigned to the unit, there were other additions to the strength in February. More flying personnel arrived from the States, and three glider pilots were transferred from the 313th Group. The officer strength of the Squadron was at its highest figure, with more than 150 officers assigned—a far cry from the old Troop Carrier Squadrons with a TC of officers of 45.
Good news was heard of Lt. DAWKINS. He was awarded the
Distinguished Service Cross, and word came to the Squadron from his sister
that he was a prisoner of war in
Weather during the month was amazing. Although there was some rain, it was far less than normal. Temperatures were higher than normal, and the 16th, according to the British press, was the warmest February day since 1904. Good weather brought thoughts of leaves and furloughs, and the number of applications for same increased.
Lt. PAYSON conducted a course in the Educational Program on the Base. His subject was Small Businesses, and the lectures were well attended by officers and enlisted men, which indicated both good lectures and an interest in postwar plans for the individual. The course was continuing at the end of the month.
The entire Squadron was saddened and worried by the
possible loss of an entire crew and airplane on a routine flight to the
Continent. Lts. McKERR and MATTHEWS, and Sgts. CUTLER and QUATTRENE flew to
the Continent on one of the freight missions in the latter part of the month.
On their way home, they cleared from an airdrome near
Resume of Month’s Activity - 310th Troop
Carrier Squadron – 1 March to
For the 310th Troop Carrier Squadron, March, 1945, was a busy month in many ways. There was a combat operation, there were supply missions practically to the front lines, and the entire Squadron was occupied at all times.
The war in the West increased in tempo. At the first of
the month the west bank of the Rhine had been reached by several of the Allied
armies, but no crossings had been made and the press was full of the
tremendous difficulties to be encountered in spanning this great natural
barrier with any appreciable amount of men and material. General PATTON in
the south, and Generals HODGES and BRADLEY further north, as well as Field
Marshal MONTGOMERY with his combined force of British, Canadians and
Americans, all were consolidating their positions along the west bank of the
river preparatory to the crossing operation. The enemy was cleared of all
great strength on the west bank. Then, about the tenth of the month, came the
amazing news of the capture of the
As for the immediate life of the Squadron, the month was
active. Weather was exceptionally good for flying the entire month, and
almost every day saw planes I the air. Leaves and furloughs were granted,
taken, and enjoyed by officers and men, with itineraries ranging from the
British south coast to
Several promotions of officers were announced: the most important was the promotion of Capt. RYLANCE to Major RYLANCE, and 1st. Lt. SUTTON became Capt. SUTTON, with this news being given him as he stepped out of his plane upon the successful completion of his flight in the “varsity” mission on the 24th. Enlisted men also received their share of promotions. There were no reductions in grade during the month.
The Good Conduct Medal was awarded to qualified enlisted men and their names will be found on the attached extract copy of the Order awarding the medals. Congratulatory messages were received for the successful accomplishment of the Varsity mission.
Lt. PAYSON was removed permanently from flying status during the month, due to a punctured ear drum, and was assigned to the Squadron as a ground officer. This made no change in Lt. PAYSON’s duties, as he merely continued as primary duty, in the job of Supply Officer which he has been filling so competently. The Squadron was r=fortunate in retaining this officer. There were other minor changes in assignments in assistant staff officers, and changed=s in departments for some of the men, such changes being made for the good of both the individuals and the organization. The staff had regular meetings, and the Enlisted Men’s Council also met, with M/Sgt. HARROD and T/Sgt. DAVIS later conferring with the Executive officers of the outfit on the suggestions made by the Council. Major RYLANCE also presided over several Squadron formations which were called for the discussion of various problems of the unit.
A number of men from the infantry joined the Squadron, and some men were sent to the Infantry from the Squadron in March. This was in accordance with the reinforcement policy for the infantry, and the outfit was glad to furnish its share for the ground forces.
In spite of the absence of the Squadron Surgeon, Capt. McKAY, who, although he was assigned, is still on detached service during the month, the Squadron health was good. The VD rate was lowered. Sgts. HAFKE and DIEHL and Cpl. HANCY presided over the Squadron dispensary, with Capt. HATTON being on deck when needed.
The Squadron lost one man in March. T/Sgt. James W.
WILLIAMS, one of our crew chiefs, was killed in action in the
By far the most important portion of the Squadron history for the month was the “Varsity” mission, with its attendant preparations both on the ground and in the air. This is covered separately in the history.
The month ended with the Squadron back to its normal duties and pursuits, with re-supply missions over the Rhine being flown, passes normal, and all personnel settling down to the usual routine.
Daily War Diary - 310th Troop Carrier Squadron
March 1. Fifteen Squadron planes on Group day formation; fifteen on Group night formation; one to Continent carrying supplies.
March 2. Major RYLANCE’s promotion announced. Eighteen aircraft on Group day formation flight; seventeen on night formation
flight. Local flying, one plane to Continent.
March 3. Blood donors give blood to traveling tem=am, Air
raid alert “Red” with intruders over
March 4. “Red” air raid alert for second successive night. Nine aircraft to Continent transporting supplies.
March 6. Thirteen planes to
March 7. Five aircraft ferry gliders to
March 9. Nine planes to
March 13. Fifteen aircraft to Continent carrying supplies.
March 14. Fourteen planes local flying.
March 15. Twelve aircraft to
March 17. Special Service excursion to Stratford-on-Avon. Sixteen planes to Continent.
March 19. Ground task force for Boreham announced.
March 20. Preparations for Ground Echelon to leave for Boreham.
March 21 Ground Task Force of officers and men leave for Boreham; combat crews and aircraft leave for same destination in
March 22. Additional officers and men leave to assist ground echelon at Boreham.
March 23. Great quantities of mail arrive from the States.
March 25. Remainder of ground echelon returns from
Boreham. Additional reports of missing crews.
March 27. T/Sgt. WILLIAMS buried at
March 28. Local flying
March 29. Local flying Thirteen planes transport supplies and personnel.
March 30. Twelve aircraft to
March 31. Twelve aircraft to Continent (
British paratroopers (unit not identified) preparing to board a C-47 of the 310th TCS (4A).
COMBAT OPERATIONS -- “VARSITY”
In participating in the airborne operational phase of the
The airborne operations differed from prior ones in that
the home station was not used for the take-off. A field I the south of
Since the take-off point was not the Group’s home base,
and since Boreman was not occupied to any extent, it was necessary for the Group
to send a housekeeping unit to the latter station to maintain all ground
facilities such as messing, billeting, guards, maintenance, and special
services. The 310th Squadron was chosen as the unit to handle this
entire matter for the whole Group. Accordingly, the Squadron had more men
actively engaged in the operation than any other unit of the Group. It also
had many more of the headaches. On Monday, March 19th, the
decision to move to Boreham was announced to the Squadron commanders. No one,
of course, in the lower echelons knew the purpose of the maneuver, but with
tension rising everywhere as the west bank of the
On Wednesday, 21 March, the Ground Echelon left by convoy in the morning, with the Air Echelon, composed only of the combat crews, with replacements, some of the air mechanics, and flying officers with replacements, leaving I the afternoon.. Seventy-four officers and flight officers, and one hundred and fifty-one enlisted men left on the movement that day. The next day additional personnel were called for, and seven officers and thirty-six additional men were sent for the ground operations at Boreham. Skeleton departments were the rule at Spanhoe, with the officers messing with the 34th and the men with the 309th.
So far as the work of the Ground Echelon at Boreham is concerned, it was commended highly by all organizations served. The Mess is reported to have outdone itself, and all other functions were performed more than competently. The outline of the organization and personnel needed was transmitted to Group for possible future use in connection with any similar operations. Most of the men returned to duty on the 24th, with a rear party coming back to Spanhoe the following day.
From all reports, the paradrop on the east bank of the
The Squadron furnished twenty-one airplanes and crews for
the mission. Members of the 6th British Airborne Division were
carried and dropped at the DZ. From all accounts, the drop was a successful
one, although casualties among the paratroopers were heavy, for it was
reported later that the enemy had most accurately anticipated the dropping
zone and had ringed it with panzer divisions and a mass of artillery of all
calibers. The drop was made in the late morning, with the Squadron’s planes
in the second unit in the second serial of the Group formation. Major RYLANCE
led his Squadron into combat. The DZ was near
Two of the Squadron’s planes were lost: one, piloted by 1st. Lt. BERMAN, was abandoned in mid-air by the crew after all control cables had been shot away and the plane was on fire with one engine shot out and the fuselage riddled by flak; the other, piloted by 1st. Lt. ZARTMAN, made an emergency landing in friendly territory after a shell had exploded in the companionway aft of the do-pilot’s seat, destroying the hydraulic system and generally making the aircraft almost unmanageable. Most of the Squadron’s planes suffered damage from enemy fire, and there were many narrow escapes by crew members. Lt. BERMAN’s crew all parachuted safely, although Lt. BERMAN was injured after staying with his ship until it was a certainty that he could not crash-land it; the plane was seen to explode in mid-air less than two seconds after Lt. BERMAN had cleared it. A bullet went through the window next to Lt. HURST’s head, just missing the latter target; S/Sgt. JENNINGS was wounded in the leg by the same shell which killed T/Sgt. WILLIAMS; Lt. ESPLIN was hit by flak or a bullet; Cpl. CAARMODY suffered a fractured leg from enemy fire, and S/Sgt. BORN received a wound in the thigh. Lt. BERMAN’s crew became eligible for membership in the Caterpillar Club. Lt. HURST’s plane had its hydraulic system shot out. Lt. THOMAS landed with practically no controls.
On this “Varsity” mission, 309 paratroopers (British) were carried by the Squadron, together with 75 bundles in the pararacks. The paratroopers were fit and eager, and all reports state that, although casualties were high, they made an excellent account of themselves. It was the unanimous opinion of the men of the Squadron who participated that the mission was by far the hardest any of them had flown. The Squadron was thankful that casualties were as light as they were.
Resume of Month’s Activity -- 310th Troop
Carrier Squadron -- 1 April to
The big event of the month was the movement of the squadron,
along with the other units of the 315th Troop Carrier Group, to
Air Strip B-48 at Amiens/Glisy,
The new location at Amiens/Glisy had been occupied by the Luftwaffe until it suddenly pulled out towards the last of August 1944. From that time the R.A.F. had used the field’s much bombed and shelled facilities until our arrival.
The area which the Squadron took over was blessed with some small wooden shacks and a few Nissen huts suitable for the housing of all the Squadron departments. The enlisted personnel and most of the officers were billeted in tents while Major RYLANCE, Major ROWLAND and Capt. SHANKEY, THE Commanding Officer, Executive Officer and Operations Officer, were billeted in the nearby small village of Boves.
During the move and for several weeks thereafter the weather was beautiful and warm. The good weather and the abundance of abandoned material were used to the fullest advantage by both the officer and enlisted personnel of the Squadron to improve their working and living areas, so that by the time the spring rains set in toward the last of the month—varied wit a snot storm on the morning of April 29th—every department and all personnel were--comfortably settled at our new base.
The month of April was a busy one for our planes and air
crews. With the rapid advance of the allied mechanized armies on the western
front, thousands of gallons of gasoline were flown into forward airfields by
the squadron. Medical supplies and food were flown to the fighting fronts in
lesser amounts. Ammunition, signal equipment and some passengers were also
carried o forward areas. Often a return load of liberated prisoners of war
was flown to clearing areas in
Promotions during the month for officers were: 1st. Lts. Lawrence J. BASSETT, Ralph W. BAYSINGER, Jr., William G. HURST, David M. ROBERTSON, Otto A. ROENSCH, Jr., and Aubrey L. ROSS promoted to Captain and 2nd Lt. Richard M. PAYSON promoted to 1st. Lt.
Seventeen enlisted men were transferred to the 316th
Troop Carrier Group which is scheduled to return to the
Social activities for the month were at a minimum because of the troop movement and a full flying schedule. The enlisted men had a dance on April 4th in the movie room at Spanhoe. Girls were invited from the nearby towns and villages and many women from British military organizations were also in attendance. Candlelight was used as part of the decorative scheme. Beer and light refreshments were served.
There have been no social activities at our new field. An enlisted men’s day room for the men of he Squadron has been opened and beer is served here. The glider pilots have opened their own day room in the officer’s area and beer and light refreshments are served. An officers’ club has been located in Beves, about two miles from the field for all officer personnel.
Three Squadron enlisted men have organized a trio. Cpl. Tony CATALINO, accordion; Cpl. Al HARMON, base fiddle, and Cpl. Roger HARMON, guitar. They play for the entertainment of the enlisted men and three times a week at the Officers’ Club.
\All members of the Squadron were proud to learn that a rating of “excellent” had been awarded our outfit by the Group ?Air Inspector during his inspection on the 28th of April.
The month ended with nineteen aircraft taking off on April
30th for our old base in
Following is a retype of a letters of commendation from Gen. Eisenhower and others to the IXth Troop Carrier Command commending the Command on Operation Varisty.
IX TROOP CARRIER
AS 300.4 (
SUBJECT: Order of the Day
TO: Distribution A
` The following Order of the Day issued by the Supreme Commander, 20 April 1945, will be delivered to all personnel of the IX Troop Carrier Command:
every member of the AEF: The battle of the
rapidity and determination with which this brilliant action was executed tore
asunder the divisions of Field Marshal MODEL, and enabled all Army Groups
without pause to continue their drive eastwards into the heart of
“This victory of Allied Arms is a fitting preclude to the final battle to crush the ragged remnants of HITLER’s Armies of the west, now tottering on the threshold of defeat.
(signed) “DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER”
By Command of Major General WILLIAMS:
s/ M.S. Tilgham
t/ M.S. TILGHAM
Lieutenant Colonel, AGS
A TRUE COPY
s/ John Z. Mobus
t/ JOHN Z. MOBUS
Capt. Air Corps
FIRST ALLIED AIRBORNE ARMY
Office of the Commanding General
AG 381 FAAAE
TO: Commanding General, IX Troop Carrier Command, APO 133, U. S. Army
1. It is my desire to congratulate and to commend the officers and men of all ranks of IX Troop Carrier Command for their fine performance in Operation VARSITY.
2. The pilots and co-pilots of many aircraft displayed great courage in their determination to continue to their assigned DZ’s and LZ’s in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, exceeding anything previously encountered by our units in this theater.
3. The Commanding General, 6th Airborne Division, was most emphatic in his high praise of the precision which characterized the drop of his division. The Commanding General of the 17th Airborne Division has written me, expressing unbounded admiration for the skill, courage and devotion to duty of all crew members of our aircraft and gliders.
4. Many individual cases have been cited where damaged and burning aircraft continued to their assigned areas in spite of the fact that the crews well understood that continuing on course destroyed any probable chance of survival for themselves.
5. The conduct of glider pilots in general is beyond written works of commendation. Not only did they deliver a magnificent and coordinated landing which in many cases was in the midst of hostile positions, but were immediately engaged with their airborne associated, if the hottest kind of hand to hand fighting. In one instance, a glider pilot serial immediately organized an all-around defense and withstood heavy counter-attacks with the weapons at their disposal, putting enemy tank out of action in this engagement. The discipline and combat efficiency of these glider pilot soldiers has call forth the highest praise of division and regimental officers.
6. The extremely low number of abortive aircraft and the speed with which abortives were re-dispatched indicates superior performances by all ground echelons. This devotion to duty is worthy of the highest praise.
7. The courage and devotion to duty of all IX Troop Carrier Command personnel is worthy of the very highest standards of our armed forces.
TO: Commanding General, IX Troop Carrier Command, APO 133, U.S. Army.
1. It is my desire to congratulate and to commend the officers and men of all ranks of IX Troop Carrier Command for their fine performance in Operation VARSITY.
2. The pilots and co-pilots of many aircraft displayed great courage in their determination to continue to their assigned DZ’s and LZ’s in the face of intense antii-aircraft fire, exceeding anything previously encountered by our units in this theater.
3. The Commanding General, 6th Airborne Division, was most emphatic in his high praise of the precision which characterized the drop of his division. The Commanding General of the 17th Airborne Division has written me, expressing unbounded admiration for the skill, courage and devotion to duty of all crew members of
our aircraft and gliders.
4. Many individual cases have been cited where damaged and burning aircraft continued to their assigned areas in spite of the fact that the crews well understood that continuing on course destroyed any probable chance of survival for themselves.
5. The conduct of glider pilots in general is beyond written words of commendation. Not only did they deliver a magnificent and coordinated landing which in many cases was in the midst of hostile positions, but were immediately engaged with their airborne associates, in the hottest kind of hand to hand fighting. In one specific instance, a glider pilot serial immediately organized for all-around defense and withstood heavy counter=attacks with the weapons at their disposal, putting one enemy tank out of action in this engagement. The discipline and combat efficiency of these glider pilot soldiers has called forth the highest praise of division and regimental officers.
6. The extremely low number of abortive aircraft and the speed with which abortives, were re-dispatched indicates superior performance by all ground echelons.. This devotion to duty is worthy of the highest praise.
7. The courage and devotion to duty of all IX Troop Carrier Command personnel is worthy of the highest standards of our armed forces.
8. It is my desire that this letter be brought to the attention of all personnel of your command.
/s/ L.H. Brereton
/t/ L.H. BRERETON
Headquarters, IX Troop Carrier Command (FWD),
TO: Distribution A.
It is with intense pride that I pass on the foregoing letter from the Commanding General, First Allied Airborne Army.
PAUL L. WILLIAMS
A TRUE COPY: /s/ John T. McGuckin
JOHN T. McGUCKIN,
F/O, Air Corps